What has been stated above would show that. Āryabhaṭa hailed from the Aśmaka country, which comprised the present South Gujarat and North Maharashtra, through which the rivers Godāvarī and Narmadā ﬂowed. He ﬂourished at Pāṭaliputra (modern Patna) in the ancient Magadha country (now Bihar) where he composed his works, the Āryabhaṭīya and Āryabhaṭasiddhānta. It may be recalled that the reputed University of Nalanda was situated at Pataliputra and had an astronomical observatory (Kha-gola) attached to it. (10) Āryabhaṭa who has been described as a Kulapa ("head of institution") could well have also been the head of the Nalanda University.